1. Emergence Reading List

This following is a list of references for those interested in all aspects of emergence. Please feel free to add to, and organize the following.

1.1. General Introductions

1.2. History of Emergence

1.3. Complexity Theory

1.4. Complexity in Nature

1.5. Connected Networks, Network Theory

1.6. Emergent Cognitive Models

1.7. Information Theory

1.8. Emergent Computation

1.9. Swarm Systems, Small World Networks, Genetic Algorithms, Cellular Automata

1.10. Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics

1.11. Evolutionary Electronics

    "Circuits designed by humans are constrained by the abstractions, modelling and methodologies used. Here, there are no such constraints. Evolution proceeds by manipulating the real physical electronic medium and judging the consequences: no modelling, abstraction or analysis. This opens up the potential for exploitation of the natural continuous-time dynamics of the hardware in circuits with a richer spatio-temporal structure than normally envisaged. Evolution can exploit all of the physical properties of the primordial electronic soup provided on the FPGA."

    "The objective of this research is to create the system-architectural, algorithmic, and technological foundations for exploiting programmable materials. These are materials that incorporate vast numbers of programmable elements that react to each other and to their environment."

1.12. Miscellaneous

1.12.1. No Free Lunch Theorem

On the Futility of Blind Search, Joseph C. Culberson.  On-line

See also EmergenceSoftware, EmergentSystems

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